A 30-year-old woman from Beni Mazar Center in Minia Governorate [Al Minya], Egypt is the 8th confirmed human case of H5N1 avian influenza [AI] reported in 2014 in the North African country.According to a Egyptian Ministry of Health press statement (machine translation), the woman was exposed to sick birds (domestic breeding). The statement notes the patient exhibited symptoms on Tue 11 Nov 2014, including fever, sore throat and cough, difficulty breathing and pain in the joints. 

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WorldPoutlry.net, 20 November 2014

Again, avian influenza has been detected on a poultry farm in the Netherlands. Tests are carried out to find out if it is a low or high pathogenic strain.

Second case of avian influenza in the Netherlands

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What is Avian Influenza (AI)?

Avian influenza (AI) is a disease of birds, caused by Type “A” influenza viruses which can affect several species of domestic poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, quails, guinea fowl, ducks, etc., as well as pet birds and wild birds. Avian influenza viruses have also been isolated, although less frequently, from mammalian species including rats, mice, weasels, ferrets, pigs, cats, tigers, dogs, horses, as well as humans.

 

What means Low Pathogenic/Highly Pathogenic?

There are many strains of AI viruses that can generally be classified into two categories according to the severity of disease in poultry:

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Contents:

  • WHO: Pacific islands only area showing notable flu activity

  • UK avian flu virus is H5N8; Dutch outbreak arrested

  • Egypt reports additional H5N1 death

  • Study: LAIV use increases in children during last flu season

Read the full Flu Scan on CIDRAP's website

 

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The strain of bird flu found on a duck breeding farm in East Yorkshire has been identified as H5N8, the same type seen in recent outbreaks in Europe.

The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) said the risk to public health remained very low.

The strain is very dangerous for bird life and could potentially affect humans, although only through very close contact with the affected birds.

Some 6,000 ducks are being culled at the farm in Nafferton, near Driffield.

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