The Central Fund for Influenza Action: Lessons Learned Exercise

The Central Fund for Influenza Action (CFIA) is a multi-donor trust fund established in November 2006 to finance the urgent unfunded and under-funded priority actions of the United Nations System Consolidated Action Plan for Avian and Human Influenza (UNCAPAHI) strategic framework. The latter was developed around a set of broad-based objectives that allow the building of a multi-sectoral partnership between the member States, the United Nations (UN) and the larger humanitarian community and development partners, to jointly combat the threat of the highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) pandemic and enhance global, regional and country level preparedness and coordination.The participating organizations (POs) within the CFIA were required to enhance their preparedness capacities by engaging in well-coordinated collaborative interventions with national governments, Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) to advance the preparedness actions in their mandated domains. The POs were also required to forge a country level coordination mechanism through the UN Resident Coordinator (RC) system.As part of its original Terms of References (TORs), the Management Committee (MC) of the CFIA commissioned a lessons learned exercise (LLE) in the autumn of 2011 to assess the fund mechanism's effectiveness and the contributions made during the implementation of this project in terms of the achievements gained and constraints encountered. The CFIA contributions to the UNCAPAHI's unfunded and underfunded priorities were reviewed in addition to the processes and procedures pursued during implementation. The LLE also examined the contribution of CFIA supported interventions to the UN reform process, including the CFIA domains of national ownership, harmonization, alignment, accountability and managing for results, all of which constitute the fundamental principles of the aid effectiveness agenda aiming to increase the AHI pandemic preparedness within assisted countries.Following an introduction, objectives, methodology and coordination perspectives section, report findings are presented in seven sections covering the following subject areas: 1) The relevance of design, legal arrangement and governance mechanism for the CFIA; 2) Contribution to Pandemic Preparedness and effectiveness of the CFIA supported programmes and projects achievements; 3) Effectiveness of the CFIA Processes in supporting the key Paris Declaration principles and the UN reform process;4) UN internal coordination; 5) Establishing similar effective coordination and operational mechanisms in support of aid and development effectiveness 6) Exploring mechanisms that can be used beyond the CFIA and 7) Conclusion and recommendations. The report ends with a series of annexes led by country level case studies.