Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in West Africa: Overview of Needs and Requirements

Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak in West Africa
Overview of Needs and Requirements - 16th September 2014


The Overview describes what is needed now to respond to the Ebola outbreak and to mitigate the consequences of the outbreak on the social, economic, development and security aspects in affected countries and the region. It goes beyond the sizeable medical requirements needed to treat, contain, and prevent the Ebola outbreak to include needs and requirements related to non-Ebola medical services (e.g. immunizations, child health, reproductive healthcare, malaria control, etc); food availability; water and sanitation; livelihoods, and logistics concerns related to travel and transport of goods and services within and outside of the Ebola affected areas.


The Overview outlines the needs, the responses being put in place by national

Governments, the United Nations System, and key partners, and the overall requirements in terms of assets and financial resources needed to implement.

The Overview covers the five Ebola affected countries of Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone, distinguishing between the most affected countries (i.e. Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone) with intense transmission of the virus and those that are newly affected or with localized transmission of the virus (i.e. Nigeria and Senegal). The Overview also provides information on countries at risk of EVD transmission and specifies the measures necessary to mitigate those risks.

The Overview covers a period of six months in line with the WHO Ebola Response Roadmap that aims to stop disease transmission within 6-9 months and to prevent international spread.  As the outbreak is rapidly evolving, the needs and requirements contained in this Overview will be updated accordingly.

The Overview specifies five strategic objectives that are in line with the Roadmap

Strategic Objectives - (STEPP)

STOP the outbreak

TREAT the infected

ENSURE Essential Services

PRESERVE stability

PREVENT outbreaks in countries currently unaffected

The Overview outlines the needs and requirements in the 12+1 areas under the 5 strategic objectives which are considered “mission critical” for the prompt control of the outbreak and for mitigating its consequences:

Mission-Critical Actions (MCAs)

The above strategic objectives will be achieved through:

STOP the outbreak

  1. Identify and Trace people with Ebola
  2. Safe and Dignified Burials

TREAT the infected

  1. Care for Persons with Ebola and Infection Control
  2. Medical Care for Responders

ENSURE essential services

  1. Provision of Food Security and Nutrition
  2. Access to Basic (including non-Ebola Health) services
  3. Cash Incentives for Workers
  4. Recovery and Economy

PRESERVE stability

  1. Reliable supplies of materials and equipment
  2. Transport and Fuel
  3. Social Mobilization and Community Engagement
  4. Messaging

PREVENT outbreaks in countries currently unaffected

1.  Multi-faceted approach to strengthen preparedness of countries to rapidly detect and respond to an Ebola exposure.