News Pouch: 10 July 2017






WHO Ebola Situation report: 2 July

When Ebola broke out in West Africa, the world sprang into action
Washington Post, 8 July
It was the most deadly outbreak of Ebola in history, claiming more than 11,000 lives as hemorrhagic fever swept through Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

Liberia after Ebola: 'The human suffering changed me'
Aljazeera, 9 July
Those who encountered Ebola in those frantic months of mid-to-late-2014 share a strange bond: whether they are health workers who faced tragedy every day ...

Enhancing Ebola Virus Disease Surveillance And Prevention In Counties Without Confirmed Cases In Rural Liberia: Experiences From Sinoe County During The Flare-Up In Monrovia, April To June, 2016
BioRxiv, 9 July

Introduction: During the flare-ups of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Liberia, Sinoe County reactivated the multi-sectorial EVD control strategy in order to be ready to respond to the eventual reintroduction of cases.


OIE reports on ongoing outbreaks



China's weekly H7N9 total declines to single case
CIDRAP, 7 July
China reported just one H7N9 avian influenza case this week, down sharply from six reported the previous week, Hong Kong's Center for Health Protection (CHP) said today in its weekly update.

PAHO WHO | Influenza - Situation Report
PAHO, 7 July
The information presented in this update is based on data provided by Ministries of Health and National Influenza Centers of Member States to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) or from updates on the Member States' Ministry of Health web pages.

The 2017 Avian Influenza Half-Time Report
Avian Flu Diary, 7 July
Although the low resolution of the map above doesn't do it justice, over the past 6 months the world has seen its largest expansion of HPAI and LPAI viruses on record. While the Western Hemisphere and Australia & New Zealand have come away relatively unscathed, the same cannot be said for Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Suspension culture process for H9N2 avian influenza virus (strain Re-2).
NCBI pubmed, 8 July

H9N2 avian influenza virus has caused huge economic loss for the Chinese poultry industry since it was first identified. Vaccination is frequently used as a control method for the disease. Meanwhile suspension culture has become an important tool for the development of influenza vaccines. To optimize the suspension culture conditions...

Study shows avian flu may infect bats
Wisconsin State Farmer, 8 July
UNIVERSITY PARK, PA - Bats, which make up about a third of all mammalian species, play an important role in our ecosystem. They eat bugs that “bug” us, ...



More babies born in the US with Zika-related birth defects
CIDRAP, 7 July
According to the latest numbers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), there are now 88 babies born in the United States with Zika-related birth defects, an increase of 8 since the last report. The number of pregnancy losses showing Zika-related birth defects remains at 8.

Outcomes of Pregnancies with Laboratory Evidence of Possible Zika Virus Infection in the United States and the US Territories
CDC, 6 July
What these numbers show: The number of completed pregnancies with or without birth defects include those that ended in a live birth, miscarriage, stillbirth, or termination. The number of liveborn infants...

Why are Neurons Susceptible to Zika Virus?
Science, 7 July
Flaviviruses are plus-strand RNA viruses that cause a variety of human diseases, from encephalomyelitis, hepatitis, and hemorrhagic fever to congenital abnormalities. These pathologies reflect different target tissues for virus infection. Zika virus, a flavivirus, shows a tropism for neural progenitor cells, but a detailed understanding of this tendency for infection is not yet well understood





WHO MERS situation update, June 2017
At the end of June 2017, a total of 2039 laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), including 730 deaths (case–fatality rate: 35.8%) were reported globally; the majority of these cases were reported from Saudi Arabia (1671 laboratory-confirmed cases, including 656 deaths with a case–fatality rate of 39.3%).

Visual Triage Contributes Toward Early Detection and Management of the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
ECronicon, 7 July
Emerging viral infections particularly the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) poses a significant public health threat in Saudi Arabia and several other Gulf countries. The virus is zoonotic in nature transmitted from camels to humans. Among humans respiratory secretion and aerial droplets released through sneezing and coughing are considered as a primary conduit for person to person viral transmission.


Words into Action guidelines: Man-made/technological hazards
UNISDR, 2017
This consultative version of the guideline is the product of literature reviews, discussions and contributions from diverse stakeholders, as well as UNISDR-nominated experts appointed specifically for the development of the Words into Action guideline for man-made/technological hazards.

Treaty banning nuclear weapons approved at UN
The Guardian, 7 July
Supporters hail step towards nuclear-free world as treaty is backed by 122 countries


Washington Post: World Bank program will speed response to pandemics
Omaha World-Herald, 10 July
In this photo taken on Monday, March 2, 2015, a health care worker prepares a colleague's Ebola virus protective gear at an Ebola virus clinic operated by the ...

The Threat to America That No One is Talking About
HuffPost, 9 July
That's a quote from a TED Talk given by Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates in early 2015, only about a year after the start of an Ebola outbreak in West Africa, which ...

Yemen cholera cases pass 300000 mark, ICRC says
Reuters, 10 July
GENEVA A 10-week cholera epidemic has now infected more than 300,000 people in Yemen, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) said on ...

Sudan doctors: 'More people with cholera in rainy season'
Reliefweb, 8 July
The Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors found that more than 200 cholera patients reported to hospitals in North Darfur in the past two weeks. The epidemic ...


2nd OIE Global Conference on Biological Threat Reduction
The 2nd OIE Global Conference on Biological Threat Reduction will take place in Ottawa, Canada, from 31 October to 2 November 2017 at the Westin Ottawa. This event will examine the recommendations and activities undertaken since the 1st Global Conference on Biological Threat Reduction that took place in June 2015 in Paris (France).