- Outbreak news:
- --- Avian Influenza
--- Zika Virus
- Emergencies, Threats and Disasters
EMERGENCIES, THREATS AND DISASTERS
Since epidemiological week (EW) 1 to EW 15 of 2017, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, the Plurinational State of Bolivia, and Suriname have reported suspected and confirmed yellow fever cases.
Yellow Fever in Brazil
CDC, 13 April
The Brazilian Ministry of Health has reported an ongoing outbreak of yellow fever. The first cases were reported in the State of Minas Gerais in December 2016, but confirmed cases have since been reported in the neighboring states of Espirito Santo, São Paulo, and Rio de Janeiro (not Rio de Janeiro City). Cases have occurred mainly in rural areas, with most cases being reported from Minas Gerais state. Some cases have resulted in death.
Brazil's Response to a Huge Yellow Fever Outbreak: Kill the Monkey's
Washington Post, 15 April
A yellow fever outbreak is tearing through Brazil leaving thousands dead in its wake — thousands of monkeys, that is. The epidemic, the worst Brazil has seen in decades, has killed more than 200 people so far. But it's also threatening to wipe out some of the country’s most endangered primates. Not only are monkeys susceptible to yellow fever, but local residents have begun pre-emptively killing monkeys, incorrectly assuming that they help spread the disease.
Update: chikungunya cases in Pakistan, 13 April 2017
WHO, 13 April
The Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination of Pakistan has informed WHO of new figures for chikungunya cases reported in the country.
Between 19 December 2016 and 30 March 2017, a total of 1018 suspected cases of chikungunya have been reported in various districts in Karachi. No deaths have been reported so far.
PAHO: More cases in Brazil lead to another big jump in chikungunya
CIDRAP, 17 April
Brazil, reporting thousands of new chikungunya cases, almost single-handedly produced another big jump in cases in the Americas for the second straight week, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) reported late last week.
Cholera Returns to Southern Vietnam in an Outbreak Associated with Consuming Unsafe Water Through Iced Tea: A Matched Case-Control Study
PLOS: Neglected Tropical Diseases, 13 April
After more than a decade of steadily declining notifications, the number of reported cholera cases has recently increased in Vietnam. We conducted a matched case-control study to investigate transmission of cholera during an outbreak in Ben Tre, southern Vietnam, and to explore the associated risk factors.
Disaster Preparedness in Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Pediatrics, April 2017
Disasters disproportionally affect vulnerable, technology-dependent people, including preterm and critically ill newborn infants. It is important for health care providers to be aware of and prepared for the potential consequences of disasters for the NICU. Neonatal intensive care personnel can provide specialized expertise for their hospital, community, and regional emergency preparedness plans and can help develop institutional surge capacity for mass critical care, including equipment, medications, personnel, and facility resources.
Humans on the Verge of Causing Earth's Fastest Climate Change in 50m Years
The Guardian, 17 April
A new study published in Nature Communications looks at changes in solar activity and carbon dioxide levels over the past 420 million years. The authors found that on our current path, by mid-century humans will be causing the fastest climate change in approximately 50 million years, and if we burn all available fossil fuels, we'll cause the fastest change in the entire 420 million year record.