News Pouch: 31 July 2017






WHO Ebola Situation report: 2 July

Ebola Vaccine Long-Term Safety and Antibody Response
Infectious Disease Advisor, 26 July
An Ebola virus vaccine produced long-term antibody responses for up to 1 year with few adverse events, according to a study published in the Lancet Infectious ...

New Jersey Accepts Rights for People in Quarantine to End Ebola Suit
New York Times, 27 July
Kaci Hickox at her home in Fort Kent, Maine, in 2014. She was held in quarantine for three days that year after returning from working with Ebola patients in West ...


OIE reports on ongoing outbreaks



Avian flu outbreaks hit farms in Italy, Taiwan
CIDRAP, 28 July
In sign of low but ongoing highly pathogenic H5N8 activity in Europe, Italy today reported three more outbreaks in poultry, according to a notification from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).

Global flu vaccine coverage has plateaued, despite recommendations
CIDRAP, 27 July
Despite recommendations by every major international health organization, influenza vaccination coverage has plateaued in recent years, according to a study yesterday in Vaccine.

Survey of distribution of seasonal influenza vaccine doses in 201 countries (2004–2015): The 2003 World Health Assembly resolution on seasonal influenza vaccination coverage and the 2009 influenza pandemic have had very little impact on improving influenza control and pandemic preparedness
Vaccine, 25 July
There is no global monitoring system for influenza vaccination coverage, making it difficult to assess progress towards the 2003 World Health Assembly (WHA) vaccination coverage target. In 2008, the IFPMA Influenza Vaccine Supply International Task Force (IVS) developed a survey method to assess the global distribution of influenza vaccine doses as a proxy for vaccination coverage rates.

5000 chickens die of bird flu in Myanmar
Xinhua, 29 July
About 5,000 chickens have died of H5N1 bird flu, also known as avian influenza at a farm in Dawei, ...

Conjunction of Factors Triggering Waves of Seasonal Influenza
BioRxiv, 27 July
Understanding the subtle confluence of factors triggering pan-continental, seasonal epidemics of influenza-like illness is an extremely important problem, with the potential to save tens of thousands of lives and billions of dollars every year in the US alone. Beginning with several large, longitudinal datasets on putative...




Emergent, Valneva to co-develop Zika vaccine
CIDRAP, 28 July
Emergent BioSolutions announced this week that it has licensed Zika vaccine technology from Valneva, a biotechnology company based in France.

See also:

Emergent BioSolutions Secures Exclusive Worldwide Rights to Valneva’s Zika Vaccine Technology

CDC Fact Sheets and Posters | Zika virus updates
CDC, 27 July

Information on Zika virus. Provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Texas reports first locally transmitted case of Zika in US this year
CNN, 26 July
(CNN) A resident of Hidalgo County, Texas who has now recovered from the Zika virus was probably infected within the county, local and state health officials ...


Zika virus: What is zika and where is it still a threat?, 28 July
In recent years, the Zika virus has become one of the most talked about and ... In May 2017, Brazil declared the national zika virus emergency over, after the ...





Another MERS case reported in Saudi Arabia
CIDRAP, 28 July
The Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health (MOH) today confirmed another MERS case, the second in row after no cases had been reported for most of July.

FAO MERS situation update
FAO, 26 July

Situation: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV): zoonotic virus with pandemic potential.


Anger and Angst in Haiti as Cholera Victims Wait for UN Compensation
Miami Herald, 27 July
The United Nations, which after years of denial finally acknowledged its role in the outbreak in August, has pledged $400 million to treat cholera victims and improve sanitation and water infrastructure in Haiti, while also providing "material assistance and support" to those most severely affected. But it's unclear how long Haitians will have to wait, and if compensation is offered, what it might involve.

WHO Weekly update: cholera in Somalia, 27 July 2017
The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported 1068 AWD/cholera cases and 3 deaths for week 28 (10 – 16 July 2017) with a case-fatality rate of 0.3%. Of these, the highest number of cases (286/27%) was reported in Middle Shebelle region, followed by Mudug, Sool and Banadir.

Somalia has 3 new cholera deaths, more than 1,000 new cases
CIDRAP, 28 July
The World Health Organization (WHO) yesterday confirmed 1,068 new cases of cholera in Somalia this week, and an additional 3 deaths from the disease, which causes severe, watery diarrhea. Despite the cases, however, the WHO said the country's outbreak is on the decline.

Pandemic Bonds, a New Idea
The Economist, 27 July
When the Ebola virus hit west Africa in 2014, it took months to get together the money needed to combat the outbreak. Such outbreaks are likely to become more common: they have increased in frequency and diversity over the past 30 years, in step with the increased mobility of people, products and food.

Skoll Global Threats Fund: Measuring the Timeliness of Outbreak Detection, Reporting, and Response
"The Ebola epidemic in West Africa in 2014 and the rapid emergence of Zika virus in the Western Hemisphere in 2015 have brought increased attention to the risk that epidemics and pandemics pose to global health security. Under the International Health Regulations, each country is tasked with ensuring their capabilities to detect and report infectious disease outbreaks in a rapid manner. Failure to do so may have dire consequences."


Global Health Security - a unique momentum for One Health approach integral for the multisectoral health security capacity building
On 6 July 2017, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and Finland co-organized a side event Global Health Security - a unique momentum for success, an urgent need for a One Health approach during the 40th FAO Conference in Rome. The side event provided an important opportunity to raise awareness and discuss about multisectoral health security work from a One Health perspective among representatives of Members at FAO. The presentations and discussions highlighted the importance of One Health in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals...