News Pouch: 4 September 2017





OIE reports on ongoing outbreaks



Avian flu strikes poultry, wild birds in 3 nations
CIDRAP, 1 Sept
South Africa and Italy yesterday reported more highly pathogenic H5N8 avian flu outbreaks in both poultry and other birds, and Taiwan confirmed two more H5N2 detections at poultry farms in two counties.

CIDRAP Flu scan - 1 Sept
  • Second H1N2v flu case of 2017 reported in Ohio
    The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) today confirmed a new case of variant H1N2 flu (H1N2v) in a child in Ohio, the second US case this year caused by that strain, and the 20th variant flu case of the year.
  • China reports fatal H7N9 avian flu case
    China has reported another H7N9 avian flu infection, which involves a 58-year-old man from Jiangsu province in the eastern part of the country, according to a statement today from Hong Kong's Center for Health Protection (CHP).
  • Study: Single introduction of canine flu in Chicago caused 2015 outbreak
    Researchers describe the 2015 introduction of H3N2 canine influenza virus (CIV) from South Korea to the United States today in Emerging Infectious Diseases.


China reports H7N9 avian flu death in Jiangsu
Outbreak News Today, 2 Sept
Most human cases are exposed to avian influenza A(H7N9) virus through contact with infected poultry or contaminated environments, including live poultry ...

New Taipei on high alert for H5 avian flu outbreaks
Focus Taiwan, 3 Sept
New Taipei, the municipality that consumes the most chickens in Taiwan, is on high alert after a slaughterhouse in the city reported highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5 infections in chickens on three of its nine slaughter lines.



Massive Ebola data site planned to combat outbreaks
Nature, 4 Sept

An Ebola awareness mural in Monrovia, Liberia — one of the three West African countries that was hit by a devastating outbreak of the disease starting in 2014.

Changing Boarding Protocols Could Make Travel Healthier
Newsmax, 1 Sept
After the 2014 Ebola outbreak, Florida State University Associate Professor of Computer Science Ashok Srinivasan began to investigate how infection spread on ...




Current Zika transmission worldwide

ECDC, 1 Sept
The information on current Zika transmission is useful to evaluate the risk for people who have recently returned from or are planning to travel to countries with ...

Is Zika Gone for Good?
The New Yorker, 2 Sept
While spraying to eradicate mosquito-breeding sites may have contributed to Zika's demise, it likely wasn't sufficient to account for the precipitous decline in ...


Zika Virus May Persist in Semen Less Than 6 Months
Contagion Live, 1 Sept
Zika may not survive in semen as long as researchers previously thought. Although previous reports indicated that the virus may persist in semen for up to 188 ...

Zika, Chikungunya, and Other Emerging Vector-Borne Viral Diseases
Annual Review of Medicine, 28 Aug
Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) have a long history of emerging to infect humans, but during recent decades, they have been spreading more widely and affecting larger populations. This is due to several factors, including increased air travel and uncontrolled mosquito vector populations. Emergence can involve simple spillover from enzootic (wildlife) cycles...





Another asymptomatic MERS case reported in a Saudi household contact
CIDRAP, 1 Sept
The Saudi Arabian Ministry of Health (MOH) today reported another MERS-CoV case involving contact with another patient in Dumah Al Jandal.


Hospitals grapple with Hurricane Harvey's aftermath
Hospitals in the path of Hurricane Harvey are scrambling to grapple with the severe flooding — and the wave of new patients showing up in ERs — brought on by the storm. The Houston Chronicle reports that at least a dozen hospitals in the area have been forced to evacuate patients by ambulance.

A Singular Storm in Houston; a Recurring Nightmare in Mumbai
AP, 1 Sept
Two massive, rain-soaked cities on opposite sides of the world are struggling with swirling, brackish waters that have brought death and devastation. For Houston, it's unprecedented. For Mumbai, it's painfully common. For India's financial capital and other South Asian cities and farmlands, floods are regular, cataclysmic occurrences made worse by breakneck urban development and population booms that will only become more challenging as climate change increases disaster risk.

A Sea of Health and Environmental Hazards in Houston's Floodwaters
New York Times, 31 Aug
Officials in Houston are just beginning to grapple with the health and environmental risks that lurk in the waters dumped by Hurricane Harvey, a stew of toxic chemicals, sewage, debris and waste that still floods much of the city.

16 million children affected by massive flooding in South Asia, with millions more at risk
UNICEF via ReliefWeb, 2 Sept
The most urgent needs for children are clean water, hygiene supplies to prevent the spread of disease, food supplies and safe places in evacuation centres for children to play.

Harvey Flood Victims Could Face 'Unusual' Infectious Disease Threats
Healio, 30 Aug
Storm victims in Texas are at an increased risk for infection in the wake of catastrophic flooding caused by Harvey, which may bring them into contact with pathogens capable of causing disease, including some that may be unusual to physicians.

Rapidly responding to cholera in north-eastern Nigeria
WHO, 30 Aug
WHO and partners are moving swiftly to help health authorities contain a cholera outbreak in a camp for internally displaced people in north-eastern Nigeria. A total of 69 cases have been reported in a camp on the outskirts of the state capital Maiduguri, which is home to 44 000 people displaced by conflict and famine.


Podcast: Former Senator Sam Nunn Explains How a New “Fuel Bank” Can Curb Nuclear Proliferation
UN Dispatch, Sept 2017
The world may just have gotten a little bit safer. In Kazakstan this week, the International Atomic Energy Agency is opening a new facility that will serve as a bank for Low Enriched Uranium. If it works at intended, fewer countries around the world will feel the need to enrich their own uranium, meaning that fewer countries will possess the capacity to produce a nuclear weapon.


Study finds high levels of multidrug-resistant bacteria on Indian poultry farms
CIDRAP, 1 Sept
Litter (bird feces) used as fertilizer may play a key role.


Dengue, West Nile Virus, Chikungunya, Zika--and Now Mayaro?
PLOS: Neglected Tropical Diseases, 31 Aug
Is Mayaro virus infection the latest in a series of new arbovirus diseases expanding across the Western Hemisphere? Since the launch of the 2000 Millennium Development Goals, we have seen an explosion of new arboviruses affecting the Americas.