News Pouch: Avian and Pandemic Influenza, 12 Nov 2012

Highlights

  • WHO Report on World Influenza Activity
  • Zoonoses On The Rise
  • H1N1 Outbreak (India)
  • West Nile Virus Mutating?
  • Flu "Badge" Draws Controversy
  • WNV 2010 Outbreak In Greece From Wild Birds?
  • More Countries Remove Ban on Novartis Flu Vaccine
  • Zoonoses & Animal Diseases
  • Tunisia: West Nile Virus
  • USA: West Nile Virus

Articles

UN System Influenza Coordination (UNSIC) Avian and Pandemic Influenza News Pouch. Articles and resource documents in this news pouch are from media and open sources. None of the reports contained in this news pouch have been verified unless otherwise stated. This news pouch is meant for information sharing purposes only. It does not reflect in anyway the views of UNSIC.
WHO Report on World Influenza Activity
INFLUENZA VIRUS ACTIVITY IN THE WORLD
During weeks 42 to 43, increased sporadic detections of influenza viruses have been reported from the northern hemisphere. Influenza activity remained low in the southern hemisphere. Globally, A(H3N2) viruses remain the predominant circulating subtype followed by influenza B and A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses. {World Health Organization, 12 Nov}
PRO/AH/EDR> INFLUENZA (104): WHO UPDATE
Influenza - Many countries of the Northern Hemisphere temperate region reported increasing detections of influenza viruses, particularly in North America and Western Europe, however none have crossed their seasonal threshold for ILI/ARI [influenza-like illness/acute respiratory disease] consultation rates.- Several countries in the tropical areas experienced active transmission of influenza virus in recent weeks. In the Americas, Nicaragua and Costa Rica reported mainly influenza B {ProMED-mail, 9 Nov}
Zoonoses On The Rise
ZOONOSES: THE LETHAL GIFTS OF LIVESTOCK–PART 3 OF ILRI ‘LIVESTOCK LIVE TALK’ BY DELIA GRACE
Zoonoses: The lethal gifts of livestock from ILRI View this ILRI slide presentation, which is a ‘slidecast’ that includes an audio file of a ‘livestock live talk’ given by veterinary epidemiologist Delia Grace at ILRI’s Nairobi headquarters on 31 Oct 2012. The following remarks are a transcript of the third part of a presentation made on 31 [...] {International Livestock Research Institute, 11 Nov}
‘CRYPTO’ AND OTHER DISEASES WE GET FROM ANIMALS ARE ON THE RISE IN POOR COUNTRIES
Leonard Gitau, a small-scale livestock farmer in Dagoretti, Nairobi, speaks to journalists during a media tour of urban farmers in Nairobi on 21 Sep 2012). Sarah Ooko, special correspondent for the East African, reports that "animal to human diseases are on the rise" in this region. {International Livestock Research Institute, 11 Nov}
H1N1 Outbreak (India)
H1N1 BIGGER KILLER IN STATE THAN DENGUE & MALARIA
The H1N1 influenza virus killed more people in the state than malaria and dengue put together this year. In the city, the virus showed a 60-fold jump in terms of the number of people it affected as compared to last year. {Times of India, 11 Nov}
STATE ON ALERT TO TACKLE H1N1
While H1N1 infections are on the rise in neighbouring Karnataka, Tamil Nadu seems to have been spared the assault of what is popularly known as ‘Swine Flu.’ In the State, there have been only a tot... {The Hindu, 12 Nov}
SWINE FLU IN CITY; CASES MAY RISE WITH WINTER
Dengue is not the only virus Delhiites should be wary of. H1N1 influenza or swine flu, a disease that gained epidemic proportions in 2009, has also been quietly spreading in the capital. {Times of India, 11 Nov}
CHICKEN SALES SLUMP 60% IN CITY AFTER BIRD FLU SCARE
Bird flu fear has brought down the sale of chicken by about 60 per cent in the city, affecting over 45 lakh people who are dependent on the industry. {Deccan Chronicle, 11 Nov}
West Nile Virus Mutating?
IS A MORE VIRULENT WEST NILE VIRUS EMERGING?
The West Nile virus epidemic of 2012, the worst in a decade, may be notorious for yet another reason: The virus, in some cases, is attacking the brain more aggressively than in the past, raising the spectre that it may have mutated into a nastier form, say two neurologists who have extensive experience dealing with the illness. {Toronto Star, 9 Nov}
Flu "Badge" Draws Controversy
LE BADGE «GRIPPE» DES HÔPITAUX DE GENÈVE CRÉE LA POLÉMIQUE
Le port obligatoire est une discrimination pour le syndicat SIT. Un moindre mal pour l'éthicien Bertrand Kiefer {Tribune de GenËve, 12 Nov}
WNV 2010 Outbreak In Greece From Wild Birds?
DID WILD BIRDS CAUSE THE 2010 DEADLY WEST NILE VIRUS OUTBREAK IN GREECE?
In 2010, 35 people in Greece died from a West Nile virus (WNV) outbreak, with a further 262 laboratory-confirmed human cases. A new article published in BioMedCentral's open access journal Virology Journal examines whether wild or migratory birds could have been responsible for importing and amplifying the deadly virus. {EurekAlert!, 11 Nov}
More Countries Remove Ban on Novartis Flu Vaccine
INFLUENZA: RIMOSSO IL DIVIETO D'UTILIZZO DEI VACCINI NOVARTIS "NON CI SONO DIFETTI"
Salute e vaccini Novartis: l'Agenzia del farmaco ha rimosso il divieto di utilizzo dei vaccini anti-infulenzali della Novartis {Quotidiano Net, 10 Nov}
GRIPPE: MEHRERE LÄNDER GEBEN NOVARTIS-IMPFSTOFFE WIEDER FREI
Die Bedenken scheinen ausgeräumt: Italien, Frankreich und andere Länder haben Novartis-Grippeimpfstoffe wieder freigegeben, die wegen verdächtiger Flöckchen vom Markt genommen worden waren. Auf Deutschland hat das keine Auswirkungen. Hierzulande ist der Rückruf der Spritzen endgültig. {Der Spiegel, 10 Nov}
Zoonoses & Animal Diseases
PRO/AH/EDR> LEISHMANIASIS, CANINE - BRAZIL: (MG)
Leishmaniasis - The risk of an outbreak of leishmaniasis in Arcos, in the mid-west of the state, has the population worried. Dogs are the main hosts of the parasite [_Leishmania chagasi_], which is dangerous to humans, and the disease is transmitted by a vector. Leishmaniasis is considered by the World Health Organization to be one of the 6 largest parasitic epidemics in the world. In Minas Gerais last year [2011], there were 19 677 cases of the disease.To prevent further contamination, agents of the {ProMED-mail, 11 Nov}
PRO/AH/EDR> RABIES - USA (22): UPDATE
Rabies - A girl in Southeast Valley who was bitten by a rabid bat last weekend is receiving treatment [post exposure prophylaxis, PEP] and is expected to recover, public-health officials said Friday [9 Nov 2012]. The child has been released from a hospital and is undergoing repeated injections of a rabies vaccine [PEP] and immunoglobulin, according to authorities.This is the 1st confirmed rabid animal in Maricopa County in 2012. Last year, there were 5 confirmed cases according to officials [This {ProMED-mail, 11 Nov}
PRO/AH/EDR> FOWL TYPHOID, POULTRY - UK (02): N. IRELAND, 2ND OUTBREAK SUSP. RFI
Typhoid - Around 185 000 hens have been slaughtered after an outbreak of a rare form of salmonella. The strain of the disease poses no threat to human health.A total of 125 000 birds were culled at Ready Egg Products at Manor Waterhouse in Lisnaskea, Co Fermanagh. The company is one of the largest egg producers in Ireland [see archived ProMED post 20121102.1388087].A further 60 000 hens were slaughtered on Wednesday [7 Nov 2012] following a 2nd suspected outbreak of the rare form of salmonella {ProMED-mail, 11 Nov}
PRO/EDR> LEGIONELLOSIS - USA (06): POST-HURRICANE SANDY, ALERT
Legionnaires' - In the past several years, we have uncovered anecdotal cases of Legionnaires' disease associated with flooding in the US. Sporadic [cases] and outbreaks of both nosocomial and community-acquired Legionnaires' disease have occurred. In 2011, excessive rainfall plus flooding in Pittsburgh were followed by sporadic community-acquired Legionnaires' disease plus a dramatic outbreak in 2 neighboring nursing homes in which 15 patients contracted the disease over a period of 2 weeks. _Legionella_ in {ProMED-mail, 10 Nov}
PRO/AH/EDR> MARBURG VIRUS DISEASE - UGANDA (10): (KA), FATAL
Marburg Fever - A one-and-half-year old boy has reportedly died of Marburg virus infection at Ruhoko Hospital in Ibanda District. The District Health Officer, Dr Julius Bamwine, on Thursday confirmed to 'Saturday Monitor' that the victim died on Wednesday night [7 Nov 2012]. "I can confirm to you that one of the victims from Kikyenkye, who had tested positive for Marburg virus disease died last night. He was the son [of a woman] who succumbed to the same disease recently," Mr Bamwine said. {ProMED-mail, 10 Nov}
O6-METHYLGUANINE-DNA METHYLTRANSFERASE IN EQUINE SARCOIDS: MOLECULAR AND EPIGENETIC ANALYSIS
Bovine papillomaviruses (BPVs) types 1 and 2 are the only known papillomaviruses able to jump the species. In fact, BPVs 1/2 induce neoplasia in their natural bovine host but infection is also associated to neoplastic skin lesions in equids ... {7thSpace Interactive, 10 Nov}
SPREAD OF KOALA RETROVIRUS IN AUSTRALIA
The Koala retrovirus (KoRV) continues to spread within Australia, according to results of a new analysis of a larger sample size from a wider geographical range than ws previously studied. {Scoop.it, 10 Nov}
PRO/AH/EDR> EPIZOOTIC HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE, CERVIDS - USA (21): (LA)
Epizootic Hemorrhagic Disease - More than 100 cases of hemorrhagic disease -- a viral disease syndrome caused by either epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus or bluetongue virus -- have been reported in sick or dead deer in southern parishes along the Mississippi River."We started getting a few reports of dead or dying deer at the end of July [2012]," said State Wildlife Veterinarian James LaCour with the Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. {ProMED-mail, 9 Nov}
Tunisia: West Nile Virus
PRO/AH/EDR> WEST NILE VIRUS - NORTH AFRICA (03): TUNISIA
West Nile Virus - The Jendouba Regional Health Director, Souheil Bali, stated that a 2nd death has been registered following a West Nile virus infection. She was a 56-year-old woman from the Kalaa locality, in the Ghardimaou delegation (Jendouba governorate), who died this past Saturday [3 Nov 2012] following this illness.The same source added in a statement to a correspondent of the TAP agency in Jendouba that the woman, who suffered from a chronic illness, died in the Aziza Othmana Hospital in Tunis. This {ProMED-mail, 11 Nov}
USA: West Nile Virus
LOUISIANA REPORTS 12 NEW CASES OF WEST NILE VIRUS
Twelve new cases of West Nile Virus have been reported since last week, announced the Louisiana Health Department on Friday. {Medical Daily, 10 Nov}
OTHER ARTICLES
STUDY TENTATIVELY LINKS FLU IN PREGNANCY AND AUTISM
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Kids whose mothers had the flu while pregnant were slightly more likely to be diagnosed with "infantile autism" before age three in a new Danish study. But the children's overall risk for the developmental disorder was not higher than that of other kids. Researchers said it's possible that activation of a mother's immune system - such as by infection with the influenza virus - could affect a fetus's developing brain. But they urged caution with the new findings, especially because of statistical limitations in their number-crunching. ... {Reuters, 12 Nov}
SANOFI PASTEUR TEAMS WITH CHRIS O’DONNELL TO PROMOTE FLU VACCINE
Sanofi Pasteur recently announced that it is working with actor Chris O'Donnell to promote Fluzone, the company's intradermal influenza vaccine. {Vaccine News Daily, 9 Nov}
SPILLOVER: ANIMAL INFECTIONS AND THE NEXT HUMAN PANDEMIC BY DAVID QUAMMEN - REVIEW
Killer organisms and viruses that jump from animal to human are tracked down in this forensic study... Let's not beat around the bush. This is an extraordinary book. David Quammen has woven a story of incredible complexity; a detective story with a difference, with a host of murderers - all of them real. They are viruses, bacteria and single-celled organisms which infect other animals, but every now and then make the jump - spill over - to our own species. {The Guardian, 11 Nov}

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